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Henderson Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Mouths are full of bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, and will constantly form plaque – a sticky, colorless film – on the teeth. Both brushing and flossing help to remove plaque on a regular basis, but when plaque is not removed consistently, it hardens and forms tartar that brushing and flossing alone will not fully clean. This can be the start to a number of issues, including gum disease in the form of gingivitis.

When gingivitis is not treated, the potential for periodontitis or Henderson periodontal disease can occur. Defined, this condition is a more severe gum disease that is caused by inflammation around the tooth, where the gums begin to pull away from the teeth and form spaces (or pockets) that then become infected. The body’s immune system fights off the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. If not treated, the bones, gums, as well as the tissue that support the teeth are eventually destroyed, and teeth may need to be removed completely.

In addition to not brushing and flossing regularly, the following risk factors can play a role in developing gum disease:

Smoking

This is the most significant risk factor associated with the development of periodontal disease, and can lower the chance of successful treatment.

Diabetes

Patients with diabetes are at a much higher risk for developing infections, including gum disease.

Medications

There are a number of prescriptions as well as over-the-counter medications that can reduce saliva production in the mouth, which generally acts as a protector of the teeth and gums. Without the presence of enough saliva, the mouth is more vulnerable to infections, including Henderson periodontal disease.

The following symptoms may be a sign of periodontal disease

  • Constant bad breath that simply won’t go away
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Tender and bleeding gums
  • Pain while chewing
  • Loose or sensitive teeth
  • Receding gums or teeth that appear longer

To determine whether or not a person has periodontal disease, a dentist may take an x-ray to see whether there is any bone loss, or refer a person to a periodontist – an expert in the diagnosis and treatment of gum disease.

Periodontal disease can be treated in a number of ways, with the primary focus on controlling the infection. Each individual may require a different treatment regimen, depending on how severe the extent of the gum disease is, but will generally require up-keep on a daily basis at home. Other treatments may include the following:

Deep cleaning

Also known as Scaling and Root Planing, the dentist or periodontist will remove the built up plaque through a process of deep cleaning called scaling and root planing. Scaling involves scraping off tartar from above the below the gum line, while root planing eliminates rough spots on the tooth root where germs are present. Both help in removing bacteria that contribute to gum disease.

Medications

Treatment may include medication on top of deep cleaning, depending on how far the disease has progressed, which can reduce the potential for surgery.

Surgery

In the most severe cases of periodontitis, surgery may be required when inflammation remains after deep cleaning or medication.

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★★★★★ In my opinion, Mint Dental & Orthodontics is one of the best Dentist Practices in Las Vegas. Dr. Dennis Clark and his staff are the best. They treat you like family and have a genuine interest in your wellbeing. I used to hate going to the dentist because of feeling like I was just another patient. All of which, went away when I scheduled my first appointment with Dr. Dennis Clark.
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★★★★★ I came to Mint Dental & Orthodontics fleeing from my previous dentist, and it was the best decision. Dr. Dennis Clark was very professional and caring and listened to my concerns that were not taken into account at my previous doctor. The office was very clean and orderly and the staff was very friendly and knowledgeable and you can tell they take not only dental hygiene seriously but cleanliness in general as a big priority.
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